The Women’s Reservation Bill”

The Indian Parliament on Thursday took a historic step to reserve one-third of the seats in the lower house and state legislatures for women, a major breakthrough for rights organizations that have long advocated for fair gender representation in politics. are doing. A campaign has been started.
The measure received bipartisan support and was praised by leaders across India’s notoriously turbulent political spectrum, but others expressed concerns that the quotas could still be years away from being implemented.
The Women’s Reservation Bill introduced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s administration got the support During a special parliamentary session on Tuesday, 214 members of the Upper House were present.. It was passed by the lower house on Wednesday.
“A historic moment in our country’s democratic journ

 

 

Women's Reservation Bill passes in Rajya Sabha, and female MPs rejoice with PM Modi in Parliament.
Women’s Reservation Bill passes in Rajya Sabha, and female MPs rejoice with PM Modi in Parliament.

” Modi tweeted after it was approved. “The passage of this bill will strengthen the representation of women power and usher in a new era of empowerment.”
Six attempts to enact this measure, originally introduced in 1996, have failed, often due to significant opposition from the country’s largely male legislators.
Women make up more than half of India’s 950 million registered voters, but only 15% of MPs in the world’s largest democracy with 1.4 billion residents.
10% MLAs in Parliament and State Assemblies.
Regardless of voter turnout, the proposal will not apply to next year’s main election.
Implementation of the quota may take years as it is dependent on the redistricting of political seats, which will take place only after the completion of India’s once-a-decade census.
Some opposition members in India expressed dissatisfaction that the measure would not be implemented quickly.
Indian National Congress chief Sonia Gandhi said women had been waiting for the measure to be approved for 13 years.
“Now they have been asked to wait longer,” he told lawmakers. “How many more years?”
Another Congress MLA, Rajni Patil, said the party “very much should include OBC reservations,” pointing to India’s caste system, a 2,000-year-old social structure imposed by birth. Banned in 1950, it can still be found in many aspects of daily life.
Nonetheless, the passage of the bill in Parliament will be considered a significant boost for Modi and his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) ahead of national elections next year.
Despite recent advances in women’s concerns, India remains a deeply patriarchal society.
A female Prime Minister has served since the country’s independence in 1947. Gandhi was the country’s leader twice before her death in 1984.
The current President of India, Draupadi Murmu, was elected last year and is the second woman to hold the post. Happy with the passage of the bill but requested that it be implemented immediately.

According to UN Women data, the overall percentage of women holding lower house parliamentary seats globally is about 26 percent, up from 11 percent in 1995.
Only six countries now have 50% or more women in their single or lower house of parliament. Rwanda leads the way with 61 percent, followed by Cuba (53 percent), Nicaragua (52 percent), Mexico (50 percent), New Zealand (50 percent), and the United Arab Emirates (50 percent).
Another 23 countries achieved 40% or more, including 13 in Europe, six in Africa, three in Latin America and the Caribbean, and one in Asia – Timor Leste.
Taiwan, which is not included in the UN numbers, has the second highest representation of women in its legislature.

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